Hay Reservation

Newbury
718 acres

Click here for a PDF with a map, and trail information.

The inside scoop…

The Hay Forest Reservation in Newbury offers nearly four miles of excellent hiking along interior roads and trails that wind through the pine, red oak, spruce, hemlock and northern hardwood forests growing back on former hay fields, sheep pastures, and orchards. Sunset Hill offers sweeping views of Lake Sunapee, Mount Sunapee, Kearsarge, and distant peaks of the White Mountains.

The legacy of the historic hill farm originally purchased by Secretary of State John Milton Hay is evidenced in the woods today. The Old Country Road is flanked by stonewalls. Faint interior roads are scored by ancient wheel ruts which lead to the hidden cellars of forgotten farms with stone-lined wells.

A mixed beech, birch, and hemlock forest shades the headwaters of west-running Beech Brook, a sparkling necklace of clear pools where tiny jewel-like brook trout live. Pockets of rich soil nourish a colorful carpet of wildflowers growing under white ash and sugar maples in the spring. In summer, hikers might find scat from the resident black bears or red foxes that feed on pin cherries, blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, or mountain ash berries. In winter hikers follow tracks of moose, deer, coyote, bobcat, fisher, otter, mink, and hare from the shadowy spruce forest along the upper portion of the Sunset Hill trail to the white pines of former pastures along the Old Farm Road trail.

The most-popular hiking trails ascend Sunset Hill. Ledges surrounding the partially-open summit of Sunset Hill provide views of eleven mile-long Lake Sunapee, Mount Sunapee, and distant peaks in the Green Mountains of Vermont. A side-trail leads to a cleared vista with views north to Mount Kearsarge and New Hampshire's White Mountains.

The Hay Reservation is near other protected lands including the historic Hay Family estate at The Fells and the John Hay National Wildlife Refuge on the shore of Lake Sunapee and near The Audubon Society Stony Brook Sanctuary.

Trail information

Sunset Hill Trail (from Route 103 trailhead)

Difficulty: Moderate
Round trip distance: 2.4 miles
Trail marking: yellow rectangles

Begin at the main trailhead on Route 103A, directly across from The Fells gatehouse parking area. The trail reaches a T about 500 feet past the trailhead kiosk – turn left here. The trail climbs gently for about 0.6 miles until it reaches Old County Road (an old farm road) running north-south through the Hay Reservation. Turn right here, and after about 350 feet, turn left towards Sunset Hill. The trail climbs more steeply for about .5 miles before reaching the rocky summit of Sunset Hill. There are excellent views of Lake Sunapee and Mount Sunapee from here. Elevation gain is about 550 feet.

Sunset Hill (from trailhead on Chalk Pond Road)

Difficulty: Moderate
Round trip distance: 1.8 miles
Trail marking: yellow rectangles

This trail is accessed from Chalk Pond Road 0.4 miles west of the junction with Route 103A. This route up Sunset Hill follows the remains of an old road for 0.3 miles, until a foot path enters the hardwood forest and travels 0.6 miles further to the summit of Sunset Hill. There are excellent views of Lake Sunapee and Mount Sunapee from the rocky top of Sunset Hill. Elevation gain is 556 feet.

Recreational uses

Hiking, snowshoeing, cross-country skiing, dog walking, hunting, wildlife watching.

· NO wheeled vehicles (trucks, ATVs, dirt bikes, and mountain bikes).

· Please do not disturb plants, animals, or cultural features.

· No camping or fires permitted.

· Carry in, Carry out all trash

What you'll find

Over four miles of hiking trails through pine and oak forests. There are two commonly used trailheads for the Hay Forest Reservation. The main trailhead and kiosk are located along Route 103A in Newbury, directly across from The Fells gatehouse. A second trailhead and kiosk is located on Chalk Pond road, about 0.4 miles from the junction with Route 103A. A kiosk and a small pull-off for a few cars is located at this trailhead. Please DO NOT park in front of the gates.

NOTE: The Forest Society does not plow or guarantee access to this property or its parking areas during the winter.

Property history

Year of acquisition: 1960, 1987, 1999

Historical uses:

More than 100 years ago, the rugged natural beauty of Land Sunapee’s shores inspired American author and diplomat John M. Hay to build a summer retreat in Newbury. John Hay had been a private secretary to Abraham Lincoln and secretary of state under two presidents (William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt). When he retired from public life, Hay wrote poetry and fiction and co-authored a ten-volume biography of Lincoln. John began buying land along Lake Sunapee as early as 1888 and built his summer cottage there. He named the nearly 1,000 acres of farm fields, bounded by stone walls and dotted with abandoned cellar holes, “The Fells” after the highlands of his ancestral Scotland. After his death in 1905, Hay’s son Clarence and Clarence’s wife Alice renovated the cottage and surrounding rocky pastures. They added walled terraces, fountains, gates, and paths among expansive lawns, orchards, and beautiful gardens of alpine plants. In its final form the estate had three distinct areas: the living area with the house and gardens, the farm area, and the 675-acre productive tree farm on Sunset Hill.

Circumstances of acquisition:

In 1960 the Hays donated their Sunset Hill property to the Forest Society “to manage … and for the public who will enjoy climbing Sunset Hill.” At the time, Clarence Hay wrote: “I would like to think of the property being useful, permanent and in capable hands and not broken up into tiny house lots.”

In 1987 Alice Hay bequeathed an adjacent 163 acres that includes the house, historic buildings, and gardens to the US Fish and Wildlife Service. The former farm is now in private ownership.

From the 1960s to the 1990s the Hay Reservation played a central role in the education and forestry programs offered by the Forest Society. The property was expanded in 1996 with the purchase of a key 37-acre in-holding on the north side of Sunset Hill that was named in memory of former Forest Society Trustee and New London banker William F. Kidder, Jr.

Directions

Main Entrance/Trailhead (Route 103A)

Enter your starting address below to get directions from Google Maps:

  

Coordinates

N 43° 21' 5.23", W 72° 2' 25.29"
N 43° 21.087', W 72° 2.422'
N 43.35145°, W 72.04036°

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Chalk Pond Road Trailhead

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Coordinates

N 43° 21' 34.27", W 72° 1' 32.15"
N 43° 21.571', W 72° 1.536'
N 43.35952°, W 72.0256°

click here for a larger map

Updated

October 2010

About the Forest Society

Since 1901, the Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests has worked to establish permanent conservation areas and promote the wise stewardship of private lands. Supported by 10,000 families and businesses, the Forest Society is the state’s oldest and largest non-profit land conservation organization. For more information, visit our main web page at www.forestsociety.org.


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